WASHINGTON — He began the day with a prayer.
Vice President Mike Pence, getting ready to face up to the ultimate stage of a relentless marketing campaign by President Donald J. Trump to drive him to illegally attempt to overturn the outcomes of the 2020 election, started Jan. 6, 2021, surrounded by aides at his official residence on the Naval Observatory, asking God for steering.
The group was anticipating a troublesome day. But what adopted over the subsequent 12 hours was extra harrowing than they imagined.
An offended mob with baseball bats and pepper spray chanting “hold Mike Pence” got here inside 40 toes of the vice chairman. Mr. Pence’s Secret Service element needed to hustle him to security and maintain him for practically 5 hours within the bowels of the Capitol. Mr. Trump referred to as Mr. Pence a “wimp” and worse in a rough and abusive name that morning from the Oval Office, Mr. Trump’s daughter and former White House aides testified.
And a confidential witness who traveled to Washington with members of a far-right militia later instructed investigators the group would have killed Mr. Pence — and Speaker Nancy Pelosi — in the event that they received the possibility.
Those had been among the many extraordinary new particulars that emerged through the third public listening to held Thursday by the House Select Committee to Investigate the Jan. 6 Attack on the United States Capitol.
Mr. Pence’s day dawned because it usually did. The vice chairman, whose evangelical religion was a promoting level for including him to the presidential ticket in 2016 however usually a supply of skepticism for Mr. Trump, was joined by three folks in prayer: his chief counsel, Greg Jacob; his chief of workers, Marc Short; and his director of legislative affairs, Chris Hodgson
Mr. Pence and the staff had been subjected to a barrage of calls for from Mr. Trump that the vice chairman refuse to certify Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s Electoral College victory in a joint session of Congress — an unconstitutional motion by no means earlier than taken within the two and a half centuries because the nation’s founding.
“We simply requested for steering and knowledge, realizing the day was going to be a difficult one,” Mr. Short stated in videotaped testimony performed by the committee.
While Mr. Pence was on the Naval Observatory, Mr. Trump was within the Oval Office with aides and members of the family trickling out and in, together with Donald Trump Jr., Eric Trump, Lara Trump, Kimberly Guilfoyle and Ivanka Trump. He had already despatched two Twitter posts additional pressuring Mr. Pence, the primary at 1 a.m. The second, at 8 a.m., concluded, “Do it Mike, it is a time for excessive braveness!”
At 11:20 a.m., Mr. Trump referred to as Mr. Pence, who stepped away from his aides to take the decision.
The group within the Oval Office may hear Mr. Trump’s aspect of the decision however paid little consideration to what appeared to start out as a routine dialog. But as Mr. Trump grew to become more and more heated that Mr. Pence was holding agency in his refusal to present in, the decision grew to become onerous to disregard.
The Themes of the Jan. 6 House Committee Hearings
“I keep in mind listening to the phrase ‘wimp,’” Nick Luna, an aide to Mr. Trump, stated in videotaped testimony. “‘Wimp’ is the phrase I keep in mind.”
Ivanka Trump, the president’s older daughter and a former prime White House adviser, stated in her videotaped testimony that “it was a special tone than I heard him take with the vice chairman earlier than.”
Ms. Trump’s chief of workers, Julie Radford, appeared in videotaped testimony to say that Ms. Trump instructed her shortly after the decision that Mr. Trump had an “upsetting” dialog with Mr. Pence. The president, Ms. Radford stated, used “the P phrase.” (The New York Times reported beforehand that Mr. Trump had instructed Mr. Pence, “You can both go down in historical past as a patriot or you’ll be able to go down in historical past as a pussy,” in response to two folks briefed on the dialog.)
Over on the Naval Observatory, Mr. Pence returned to the room after taking the decision wanting “steely,” “decided” and “grim,’’ his former aides instructed the committee.
Mr. Trump within the meantime revised a speech that he delivered later that day to throngs of supporters on the Ellipse. An early draft of the speech, the committee stated, included no point out of Mr. Pence. But after the decision, the president included language that video footage confirmed riled up the mob.
“I hope Mike goes to do the precise factor,” Mr. Trump stated in his speech. “I hope so. I hope so. Because if Mike Pence does the precise factor, we win.”
“All Vice President Pence has to do is ship it again to the states to recertify and we turn out to be president and you’re the happiest folks,” Mr. Trump continued, referring to one in every of his calls for that Mr. Pence ship the election outcomes again to the states, a delaying tactic that he hoped would finally hold him in workplace. If Mr. Pence did not comply, Mr. Trump instructed the group, “that can be a tragic day for our nation.’’
He added, “So I hope Mike has the braveness to do what he has to do. And I hope he doesn’t hearken to the RINOs and the silly people who he’s listening to,” utilizing the time period for “Republicans in identify solely.”
Mr. Trump directed his supporters to march to the Capitol and make themselves heard.
By the time Mr. Pence arrived on the Capitol together with his spouse, Karen Pence, and their daughter Charlotte, an offended mob was already massing outdoors.
Inside, because the joint session started, Mr. Pence’s aides launched a memo to the general public laying out the vice chairman’s view that he didn’t have the facility over the certification that Mr. Trump and his lawyer, John Eastman, insisted he did.
Shortly after 2:10 p.m., the proceedings had been interrupted by loud noises. The mob was swarming into the constructing. At 2:24 p.m. — when Democrats on the committee stated Mr. Trump was conscious that the Capitol had been breached — the president posted to Twitter that “Mike Pence didn’t have the braveness to do what was obligatory.”
At that time, the Secret Service had moved Mr. Pence from the Senate chamber to his workplace throughout the corridor. His advisers stated the noise from the rioters had turn out to be audible, main them to imagine they’d entered the constructing. Yet there was not but a pervasive sense of alarm.
Once in his workplace, Mr. Pence sat together with his household, together with his brother, (*6*) Greg Pence and prime aides as Mr. Short ducked downstairs to seize some meals. Mrs. Pence drew the curtains to maintain the rioters from wanting in.
Mr. Short made his method again to the workplace. By then, Tim Giebels, the lead Secret Service agent for Mr. Pence, had made just a few makes an attempt to nudge Mr. Pence and his household to maneuver to a special location. But quickly he was not making a suggestion. Mr. Pence, he stated, needed to get to security.
The entourage started to make its method down a stairway towards an underground loading dock — the purpose at which they got here inside 40 toes of the rioters. Mr. Pence and his aides didn’t know on the time simply how shut they had been to the mob, a few of whom had been threatening to kill him.
“I may hear the din of the rioters within the constructing,” Mr. Jacob stated Thursday on the listening to. “I don’t suppose I used to be conscious they had been as shut as that.”
From the loading dock, Mr. Pence dealt with calls to congressional leaders who had been evacuated from the Capitol complicated and ordered the Pentagon to ship within the National Guard. The Secret Service directed him to get right into a automobile and evacuate, however he refused to go away the constructing.
“The vice chairman didn’t wish to take any probability that the world would see the vice chairman of the United States fleeing the United States Capitol,” Mr. Jacob stated Thursday, noting that Mr. Pence didn’t wish to give the rioters the satisfaction of disrupting the proceedings greater than they’d already completed. “He was decided that we might full the work that we had set out to try this day.”
One individual he by no means spoke with once more that day was Mr. Trump, who didn’t name to verify on Mr. Pence’s security. Neither did the White House chief of workers, Mark Meadows.
Just after 8 p.m., the Senate chamber opened once more, after the rioters had been cleared from the complicated.
“Today was a darkish day within the historical past of the United States Capitol,” Mr. Pence stated because the proceedings started once more. He was greeted with applause when he stated, “Let’s get again to work.”
Back on the White House, egged on by a few of his advisers, Mr. Trump instructed aides he needed to bar Mr. Short from coming into the West Wing from then on.
At 3:42 within the morning, it was throughout. Mr. Biden’s victory had been licensed.
At 3:50 a.m., as Mr. Pence and Mr. Short went their separate methods, Mr. Short texted his boss a passage from the Bible.
“I’ve fought the nice battle, I’ve completed the race, I’ve saved the religion,” the message learn.