M1 Ultra, M1 Pro, M1 Max and M1: Apple Mac Chips Compared

 

 

Announced at Apple’s “Peek Performance” occasion in March was one other high-powered member of the M1 homegrown chip line, debuting in a shiny new Mac Studio micro desktop system. Along with the remainder of the corporate’s M1 chip line, the M1, M1 Pro and M1 Max, the brand new M1 Ultra as soon as once more raises the efficiency degree. It additionally hints at how Apple can scale its hybrid chip line to accommodate a Mac Pro-level system — the lone remaining Intel-based mannequin — to finish its two-year plan to transition its system processors fully in-house. Rumors of a brand new M2 chip line debuting at WWDC 2022 on June 6 have also circulated, although other than “extra cores,” we do not know something about potential modifications to the GPU or inside structure.

Intel launched its personal hybrid (Alder Lake) Twelfth-gen desktop and cell chips in late 2021. Thanks to the myriad potential combos of efficiency and effectivity cores, plus GPU cores (execution items), selecting between these chips is nothing lower than complicated.

Since Apple has fewer companions to please — simply itself, truly — it does not have Intel’s want to provide an amazing variety of variations to permit for desktop and laptop computer programs to be priced otherwise. Still, Apple might be simply as complicated due to the distinct CPU and GPU cores in chips that fall beneath the identical identify.

 

 


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For occasion, there are two variations of the M1 Pro, one with eight CPU cores and 14 GPU cores, and one other with 10 CPU cores and 16 GPU cores. There are additionally two variations of the M1 Max.

The M1 Max and M1 Pro clearly differ when it comes to peak efficiency, with the M1 Max doubling some vital contributors to theoretical efficiency, notably the variety of {hardware} ProRes accelerators, that are extraordinarily vital for professional video modifying. The M1 Max additionally doubles the bandwidth for some inside interfaces, like that between reminiscence and the processor. Those will not essentially “double” the efficiency delivered in real-world use, although.

Apple M1 vs. M1 Pro vs. M1 Max vs. M1 Ultra

Apple M1 Apple M1 Pro Apple M1 Max Apple M1 Ultra
Total CPU cores 8 8 or 10 10 20
Performance cores 4 6 or 8 8 16
Efficiency cores 4 2 2 4
GPU cores 7 or 8 14 or 16 24 or 32 48 or 64
Neural engine cores 16 16 16 32
Maximum reminiscence supported (UMA) 16GB 32GB 64GB 128GB
Peak reminiscence bandwidth (GBps) n/a 200 400 800
ProRes accelerators None 1 2 4
Available in MacE-book Air, iPad Pro (fifth gen), iMac 24 (2021), Mac Mini MacE-book Pro 14, MacE-book Pro 16 (2021) MacE-book Pro 14, MacE-book Pro 16 (2021), Mac Studio Mac Studio

Apple took a considerably blunt strategy for the M1 Ultra, merely tying collectively two M1 Max (24 GPU core) processors and chipsets by way of a 2.5TB/sec direct connection, branded “UltraFusion,” slightly than having to traverse the slower system bus. So it has two of all the pieces, corresponding to two Thunderbolt controllers and two reminiscence controllers. That’s why the Mac Studio with the M1 Ultra has extra Thunderbolt ports and can accommodate twice the reminiscence of its M1 Max-based counterpart. It’s mainly a dual-processor system. There are even two variations for each GPU variations of the M1 Max.

apple-m1-ultra-chipset-220308
The Ultra is 2 processors and two chipsets tied collectively.

 


Apple

And that is prone to make it greater and hotter. For occasion, the chip is less complicated to scale to bigger numbers of CPU and GPU cores, which will likely be obligatory for no matter Mac Pro refresh is within the playing cards, however it appears cumbersome to have a number of supporting chipsets as properly. The Mac Studio with the M1 Ultra has an enormous heatsink and fan system obligatory to chill it. Though it seemingly does not ship twice the efficiency of the M1 Max, we nonetheless do not understand how efficiency scales with the variety of processors. This will likely be its first take a look at.

 

 


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One factor concerning the M1 implementations to date is that there isn’t any point out of discrete graphics help. Apple has claimed the Ultra delivers higher graphics efficiency than the AMD playing cards within the Mac Pro, probably teeing up a future reveal that it will not have any — or that it has created a discrete graphics answer primarily based on its GPU know-how. Unlike the Mac Studio, which may’t be upgraded, the Mac Pro needs to be upgradable. That’s one of many factors of it.

Keep in thoughts that Apple’s unified reminiscence structure signifies that reminiscence is shared by the GPU and CPU. That’s undoubtedly higher for efficiency, because it makes each processing and graphics duties sooner at passing knowledge between one another.


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