But lots of them encountered difficulties steering ageing tech corporations. Of these girls, solely Ms. Catz, Ms. Hood and Ms. Porat stay in their roles.
“The snail’s tempo of progress for girls leaders in Silicon Valley is worse than disappointing,” mentioned Nicole Wong, a deputy chief expertise officer for the Obama administration and a former Twitter govt. “It makes the commitments that tech leaders made round racial and gender variety in 2014 look performative.”
In 2017, tales of sexual harassment by highly effective males in Silicon Valley turned a part of the #MeToo motion. That 12 months, a gaggle of feminine buyers created All Raise.
In 2018, California handed a legislation requiring publicly traded corporations to have not less than one feminine board director, resulting in scores of ladies becoming a member of company boards. (A California choose struck down the legislation final month; the state has mentioned it can attraction the ruling.) Another new legislation, handed final 12 months, the Silenced No More Act, supplies authorized safety for individuals who communicate publicly about discrimination or harassment they skilled at work.
Women in tech have continued talking out about unfair remedy. In 2020, Ms. Brougher reached a $22.5 million settlement with Pinterest for discrimination and retaliation. A discrimination lawsuit by Emily Kramer, a former chief advertising officer on the monetary start-up Carta, is working its approach by means of the courts.
There have been some indicators of progress. Over the previous 5 years, Katrina Lake of Stitch Fix, Julie Wainwright of The RealReal, Jennifer Hyman of Rent the Runway and Whitney Wolfe Herd of Bumble took the businesses they based public. And following in Ms. Sandberg’s footsteps, feminine chief working officers are actually extra widespread in tech. They embody Ms. Choi at Coinbase, Gwynne Shotwell at SpaceX and Jen Wong at Reddit.
At Meta, Ms. Sandberg employed and promoted girls, akin to Marne Levine, the chief enterprise officer, and Lori Goler, the top of human assets and hiring. The share of ladies in Meta’s administration with titles of director or larger increased to 35 p.c in 2021, from 30 p.c in 2018, in response to the corporate’s information.
Meta additionally developed girls who now lead different tech corporations, together with Ms. Simo, who oversaw the primary Facebook app earlier than turning into Instacart’s chief govt final 12 months.